Legislation prohibiting state and local police agencies from accessing or retrieving the location data of residents by surveillance of an electronic device without a court warrant was recently signed into law.
Gov. Bill Haslam signed the bill at a ceremony last week in Nashville. The new law, sponsored by Senator Mae Beavers, R-Mt. Juliet, helps to ensure the government does not take advantage of technological advances in cellphones, laptops and other electronic devices to spy without appropriate judicial oversight.
“This helps to ensure that the government does not trample on the constitutional rights of our citizens as technological advances have changed the way in which the government and law enforcement agencies collect information,” said Beavers. “We must have checks and balances as put into place by our founding fathers through judicial oversight to keep the government from overstepping its bounds.”
Law enforcement made 1.1 million requests to wireless carriers for cellphone data information in 2012, according to a report delivered to Congress in December. The three largest wireless companies, AT&T, Sprint and Verizon reported they have received 56,400 “emergency” requests from police departments, which did not have a warrant or court order. One company reported their requests from police have doubled in the past five years.
In addition, public records obtained by USA Today and Gannett reveal about one in four law enforcement agencies in the U.S. have used “tower dumps.” This is a surveillance tactic, which covers multiple towers and wireless providers to give police a multitude of electronic data about a targeted cellphone user. The digital dragnets also capture information on other persons using wireless devices in the area who are not suspected of wrongdoing.
The electronic privacy law, modeled after a Montana law, allows exceptions in order to respond to a possible life-threatening situation, an emergency call by the user, when a device is reported as stolen, or other exigent circumstances, unless there is informed consent by the owner. The legislation prescribes a Class C misdemeanor for violation.
“Law-abiding citizens should not be subject to this kind of overreach of government power,” said Beavers. “I am pleased this bill is now law in Tennessee.”